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LEARNING TO READ THE YASEEN SURAH WITH TAJWEED


WARNING!

This is just a study guide for those who are at the learning stage. You must learn how to pronounce the Arabic letters from a qualified person!


HOLD YOUR MOUSE ON THE LETTER TO SEE THE PRONOUNCIATION (Don't click.)

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING EXPLANATION FIRST

Please be careful while pronouncing the FATHA, e.g., the "a" sound. For example, the "a" in "wa" should be pronounced like "e" in "went". Likewise, all the "a" in the sura should produce an "a" sound like "e" in "went".
Some Fatha produces an "a" sound like "a" in English word "art". For example, "a" in Arabic word "qawl" is like "a" in art. All "a" in the sura should produce a variation of the "a" sound in "art". Sometimes "a" is little softer like "la" in "la miserables or Labrador." Sometimes it is a little longer, e.g. it is written with two "aa" so it produces a little longer "a" like longer "a" in English word "far." The "a" sound in Arabic words "maa" or "laa" are the "a" sound in "far". Ayn with fatha is represented by "'A". Ayn with sukuun is represented by "'┼".
KASRAs should produce a "i" sound like "i" in "sin". Ayn with kasra is represented by "'I".
DAMMA should produce a "u" sound like "u" in "do" or sometimes little softer like "u" sound in "you". Mostly the "u" sound is like the sound produced by the "oo" in English. The sound produced depends on the letter, e.g., if the letter is a soft letter like b,h,y,s the "u" sound will also be softer. For example, "bu" will be like in "boon" or "su" will be like in "soon". Ayn with damma is represented by "'U".

TAJWEED - ART OF READING THE QUR'AN BEAUTIFULLY

INTRODUCTON

There are a few rules for reading the Qur'an beautifully. The Arabic text below incorporated some of these rules. These rules must be learned and applied when the reader comes across to the rule because the arabic text below could not incorporate some of the rules, i.e., it involves converting a letter to another letter. The rules will be explained first and then that rule will be represented by an acronym, e.g., by some capital letters, and then that acronym will be used when that tajweed rule exists in an ayat. Most of the rules involve the first letter of a word coming after a word which ends with noon-u saakin (the letter of "n" with a sukuun or jazm over it, like "min") or a word ending with tanwin, e.g., the word which ends with two fathas (like khayran) or two dammahs (like khayrun) or two kasrahs (like dhikrin). The latin text below already incorporated all the rules. The reader should just read the text the way it is written because all the necessary conversions are already incorporated to the text. But user still has to learn and apply the rules to produce the sound from the nose or whatever has to be done when it is required by the respective rule.

RULES OF TAJWEED

First some definitions:

IDGAAM: combining two letters to make one letter and reading that letter with shadda, by closing the lips.

GUNNA: the sound produced from the nose.

iZhaar (IZ): when one of the iZhaar letters (a, kh, H, 'A, g, or h) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, iZhaar occurs. IZhaar means separating two words distinctly by opening the lips. For example, for "man amana" we distinctively finish the "man" and then start the "amana."

IKHFAA (IKHF): Ikhfaa letters are the following fifteen letters: t, th, j, d, dh, z, s, sh, S, D, T, Z, f, q, and k. When one of the ikhfaa letters comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, ikhfaa occurs. The tong stays in the middle of the mouth touching neither to top nor to the bottom and a sound will be produced from the nose, i.e., GUNNA. Also, the lips will neither be closed like in idgaam nor opened like in iZhaar and without doing shadda the letters will be produced.

IQLAAB (IQL): when the iqlaab letter "b" comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IQLAAB occurs. The noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to "mim" and since both "mim" and "b" is produced from the lips, it will be produced one after the other together, e.g, "min bayni" becomes "mim bayni", see ayat 9 below.

IDGAAM MA'AL GUNNA - idgaam with gunna (IDMG): when one of the idgaam letters (m,n,w or y) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IDMG occurs. IDMG is performed in the following manner: the noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to the first letter of the following word and will be read with shadda while making sound from the nose simultaneously. Lets assume that the first word is "SiraTin" and the following word is "mustaqiym". Since the second word starts with "mim", the last letter of "SiraTin", i.e., the "n" will be converted to "mim". One of the mims will be dropped and the remaining one "mim" will be read with shadda while making the sound from the nose. It will be read "SiraTimmustaqiym", see ayat four below.
OTHER EXAMPLES:
Example for letter "m": "basharun mithlunaa" becomes "basharummithlunaa", see ayat 15 below.
Example for letter "n": "man nu'Ammirhu" becomes "mannu'Ammirhu", see ayat 68 below.
Example for letter "w": "SayHatan waaHidatan" becomes "SayHatawwaaHidatan", see ayat 49 below.
Example for letter "y": "falakin yasbaHuuna" becomes "falakiyyasbaHuuna", see ayat 40 below.

IDGAAM BILA GUNNA - idgaam without gunna (IDBG): when one of the IDBG letters (r or l) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IDBG occurs. The noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to the first letter of the following word and will be read with shadda. Lets assume that the first word is "min" and the following word starts with "lam". In this case, the last letter of "min", i.e., the "n" will be converted to "lam" and thus now there are two "lam". We drop one of the lam and read the remaining one "lam" with shadda. The letter "r" is similar, e.g., we read the "r" with shadda. For example, "gafuurun raHiym" becomes "gafururraHiym" or "min rasuulin" becomes "mirrasuulin" see ayat 30 below, or "lain lam" becomes "laillam", see ayat 18 below.

IDGAAM MITHLAYN (IDMIT): literally means combining identical letters. Usually the last letter of the first word ends with sukuun and the following word starts with the same letter.
EXAMPLES:
1) The last letter of any word ends with a sukuun and the following word starts with the same letter, e.g., like in "rabiHat tijaaratuhum".
2) When the last letter of any word ends with noon-u saakin and the following word starts with the noon, it becomes IDGAAM MITHLAYN and also it becomes IDGAAM MA'AL GUNNA (IDMG), like in "min naarin" or "wa man nu'Ammirhu."
3) Mim-i saakin (mim with sukuun or jazm over it) has three cases:
a. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with the mim again, e.g., like in "at'Amahum min", it becomes IDGAAM MITHLAYN MA'AL GUNNA - idgaam mithlayn with gunna (IDMIT-G). For idgaam mithlayn with gunna we combine the two letters and make one letter out of them and read it with shadda while making noise from the nose.
b. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with "b", then it becomes IKHFAA. Examples: "rabbahum bihim" or "tarmihim biHijaratin."
c. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with the letters other than "b" and "m", then it becomes "iZhaar." Examples: "hum fiyhi" or lakum diynukum."

e = e pronounced like b in English = b softer than t in English = t pronounced like th in thing = th pronounced like g in gem = j

stronger than h in English, H like in (harsh) = H kha = kh softer then d in English = d close to th in with = dh pronounced like r in run = r

pronounced like z in English = z pronounced like s in sit = s pronounced like sh in shut = sh pronounced as strong s somewhat like ss in hiss = S stronger than th in this = D

Strongly articulated palatal T = T Strongly articulated palatal Z = Z Learn it from an Arab Native = 'A;'┼; 'U;'I Learn it from an Arab Native - a guttural g = g f in English = f

strongly articulated guttural K -somwhat like q = q k in English = k l in English = l m in English = m n in English = n

h in English = h w in English = w y in English = y L in
 English, 
 sometimes it is a combination of L & e = La, or L & e combined



CHARACTERS THAT CONTROL THE READING

While reading the Qur'aan, the reader may get tired or his breath may run out at a certain point and must stop to take a breath. The point of his stopping sometimes may cause a very ill meaning. For this reason, scholars assigned various letters to control the reading. Please, learn the meaning of these letters and apply it while you read the Ya-seen or any other surah.

M (mim) - You must stop when you see this letter.
T (Ta) - You must also stop when you see this letter.
C (Jim) - You may either stop or pass when you see this letter. Stopping is better.
A (Ayn), K (Kaf), S (Sin), Z (Za) - You may stop at these four letters if you run out of breath. But if your breath is good, then you should keep reading.
L (Lam) - If this letter is in the middle of the ayat, it is wrong to stop there. You must keep reading to pass this point. If you run out of breath and must stop, then you will go back and start from an earlier point and pass this letter by reading through it.
L (Lam) - If this letter is at the end of an ayat, you should also read through to pass it. But if you run out of breath and stop it there, then you don't have to go back.



    Chapter 36: YA-SEEN




1 yaa siiin
2 wal qur'aanil Hakiymi (L)
3 innaka laminal mursaliyna (L)
4 'Alaa SiraaTim (n-m IDMG) mustaqiym (T)
5 tanziylal 'AziyzirraHiymi (L)
6 litundhira qawmam (n-m IDMG) maaa undhira aabaaauhum (m-f IZ) fahum (m-g IZ) gaafiluuna
7 laqad Haqqal qawlu 'Alaaa aktharihim (m-f IZ) fahum (m-l IZ) Laa yu'minuuna
8 innaa ja'Alnaa fiiiy a'┼naaqihim (m-a IZ) agLaaLan (n-f IKHF) fahiya ilal adhqaani fahum (m-m IDMIT-G) muqmaHuuna
9 wa ja'Alnaa mim (n-b IQL) bayni aydiyhim (m-s IZ) saddaw (n-w IDMG) wa min (n-kh IZ) khalfihim (m-s IZ) saddan (n-f IKHF) fa-agshaynaahum (m-f IZ) fahum (m-l IZ) Laa yubSiruuna


10 wa sawaaaun (n-'A IZ) 'Alayhim (m-a IZ) a-andhartahum (m-a IZ) am (m-l IZ) lam (m-t IZ) tundhirhum (m-l IZ) Laa yu'minuuna
11 innamaa tundhiru manittaba'Adhdhikra wa khashiyarraHmaana bilgaybi (C) fabashshirhu bimagfiratiw (n-w IDMG) wa ajrin (n-k IKHF) kariymin
12 innaa naHnu nuHyiyl mawtaa wa naktubu maa qaddamuu wa aathaarahum (T) wa kulla shay'in (n-a IZ) aHSaynaahu fiiiy imaamim (n-m IDMG) mubiynin
13 waDrib lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mathaLan (n-a IZ) aSHaabal qaryah (M) idh jaaa-ahal mursaluuna (C)
14 idh arsalnaaa ilayhimuth nayni fakadhdhabuuhumaa fa'Azzaznaa bithaalithin (n-f IKHF) faqaaluuu innaaa ilaykum (m-m IDMIT-G) mursaluuna

15 qaaluu maaa antum (m-i IZ) illaa basharum (n-m IDMG) mithlunaa (L) wa maaa anzalar raHmaanu min (n-sh IKHF) shay'in (n-a IZ) (L) in (n-a IZ) antum (m-a IZ) illaa takdhibuuna
16 qaaluu rabbunaa ya'┼lamu innaaa ilaykum (m-l IZ) lamursaluuna
17 wa maa 'Alaynaaa illal baLaagul mubiyn
18 qaaluuu innaa taTayyarnaa bikum (m-l IZ) (C) lail (n-l IDBG) lam (m-t IZ) tantahuu lanarjumannakum (m-w IZ) wa layamassannakum (m-m IDMIT-G) minnaa 'Adhaabun (n-a IZ) aliymun
19 qaaluu Taaairukum (m-m IDMIT-G) ma'Akum (m-a IZ) (T) ain (n-d IKHF) dhukkirtum (T) bal antum qawmum (n-m IDMG) musrifuuna
20 wa jaaa-a min (n-a IZ) aqSalmadiynati rajuluy (n-y IDMG) yas'AA qaala yaa qawmittabi'UUl mursaliyna (L)
21 ittabi'UU mal (n-l IDBG) Laa yas'alukum (m-a IZ) ajraw (n-w IDMG) wa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) muhtaduuna

22 wa maaliya Laaa a'┼budulladhiy faTaraniy wa ilayhi turja'UUna
23 a-attakhidhu min (n-d IKHF) duunihiii aalihatan (n-a IZ) in yuridnirraHmaanu biDurril (n-l IDBG) Laa tugni 'Anniy shafaa'Atuhum (m-sh IZ) shay'aw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa yunqidhuuni (C)
24 inniiiy idhal (n-l IDBG) lafiy DaLaalim (n-m IDMG) mubiynin
25 inniiiy aamantu birabbikum (m-f IZ) fasma'UUn (T)
26 qiyladkhulil jannah (T) qaala yaa layta qawmiy (n-y IDMG) ya'┼lamuuna(L)
27 bimaa gafara liy rabbiy wa ja'Alaniy minal mukramiyna
28 wa maaa anzalnaa 'Alaa qawmihii mim (n-b IQL) ba'┼dihii min (n-j IKHF) jundim (n-m IDMG) minas samaaai wa maa kunnaa munziliyna

29 in (n-k IKHF) kaanat illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-f IKHF) faidhaa hum (m-kh IZ) khaamiduuna
30 yaa Hasratan (n-'A IZ) 'Alal'Ibaadi (C) maa ya'tiyhim (m-m IDMITH-G) mir (n-r IDBG) rasuulin (n-a IZ) iLLaa kanuu bihii yastahziuuna
31 alam (m-y IZ) yaraw kam (m-a IZ) ahlaknaa qablahum (m-m IDMITH-G) minal quruuni annahum (m-a IZ) ilayhim (m-l IZ) Laa yarji'UUna
32 wa in (n-k IKHF) kullul (n-l IDBG) lammaa jamiy'Ul (n-l IDBG) ladaynaa muHDaruuna (A)
33 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahumuL arDul maytatu (C) aHyaynaahaa wa akhrajnaa minhaa Habban (n-f IKHF) faminhu ya'kuluuna
34 wa ja'Alnaa fiyhaa jannaatim (n-m IDMG) min (n-n IDMG) nakhiyliw (n-w IDMG) wa a'┼naabiw (n-w IDMG) wa fajjarnaa fiyhaa minal 'Uyuuni (L)
35 liya'kuluu min (n-th IKHF) thamarihii (L) wa maa 'Amilat-hu aydiyhim (T)

35 afaLaa yashkuruuna
36 subHaanalladhiy khalaqaL azwaaja kullahaa mimmaa tumbituL (n-b IQL) arDu wa min (n-a IZ) anfusihim (m-w IZ) wa mimmaa Laa ya'┼lamuuna
37 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahumullaylu naslakhu minhunnahaara faidhaa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) muZlimuuna (L)
38 wash shamsu tajriy limustaqarril (n-l IDBG) lahaa (T) dhaalika taqdiyrul 'Aziyzil 'Aliym (T)
39 wal qamara qaddarnaahu manaazila Hattaa 'AAdakal 'Urjuunil qadiymi
40 Lash shamsu yambagiy (n-b IQL) lahaaa an (n-t IKHF) tudrikal qamara wa Lal laylu saabiqunnahaar (T) wa kullun (n-f IKHF) fiy falakiy (n-y IDMG) yasbaHuuna
41 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahum (m-a IZ) annaa Hamalnaa dhurriyyatahum (m-f IZ) fiyl fulkil mashHuuna (L)

42 wa khalaqnaa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mim (n-m IDMG) mithlihii maa yarkabuuna
43 wa in (n-n IDMG) nasha' nugriqhum (m-f IZ) faLaa Sariykha lahum (m-w IZ) wa Laa hum (m-y IZ) yunqadhuuna (L)
44 illaa raHmatam (n-m IDMG) minnaa wa mataa'An ilaa Hiynin
45 wa idhaa qiyla lahumuttaquu maa bayna aydiykum (m-w IZ) wa maa khalfakum (m-l IZ) la'Allakum (m-t IZ) turHamuuna
46 wa maa ta'tiyhim (m-m IDMIT-G) min (n-a IZ) aayatim (n-m IDMG) min (n-a IZ) aayaati rabbihim (m-a IZ) illaa kaanuu 'Anhaa mu'┼riDiyna
47 wa idhaa qiyla lahum (m-a IZ) anfiquu mimmaa razaqakumullaahu (L) qaalalladhiyne kafaruu lilladhiyna aamanuuu anuT'Imu mal (n-l IDBG) law yashaaaullaahu aT'Amahu (K) in (n-a IZ) antum (m-a IZ) illaa fiy DaLaalimmubiynin

48 wa yaquuluuna mataa haadhal wa'┼du in (n-k IKHF) kuntum (m-S IZ) Saadiqiyna
49 maa yanZuruuna illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-t IKHF) ta'khudhuhum wa hum (m-y IZ) yakhiSSimuuna
50 falaa yastaTiy'UUna tawSiyataw (n-w IDMG) wa Laaa ilaaa ahlihim (m-y IZ) yarji'UUna
51 wa nufikha fiySSuuri faidhaa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) minal ajdaathi ilaa rabbihim (m-l IZ) yansiluuna
52 qaaluu yaa waylanaa mam (n-b IQL) ba'Athanaa mim (n-m IDMG) marqadinaa (M) haadhaa maa wa'AdarraHmaanu wa Sadaqal mursaluuna
53 in (n-k IKHF) kaanat illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-f IKHF) faidhaa hum (m-j IZ) jamiy'Ul (n-l IDBG) ladaynaa muHDaruuna

54 falyawma Laa tuZlamu nafsun (n-sh IKHF) shay'aw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa tujzawna illaa maa kuntum (m-t IZ) ta'┼maluuna
55 inna aSHaabal jannatil yawma fiy shugulin (n-f IKHF) faakihuun
56 hum (m-w IZ) wa azwaajuhum (m-f IZ) fiy ZiLaalin (n-'A IZ) 'Alal araaaiki muttakiuuna
57 lahum (m-f IZ) fiyhaa faakihatuw (n-w IDMG) wa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) maa yadda'UUna (C)
58 saLaamun (n-q IKHF) qawLam (n-m IDMG) mir (n-r IDBG) rabbir (n-r IDBG) raHiymin
59 wamtaazuul yawma ayyuhal mujrimuuna
60 alam (m-a IZ) a'┼had ilaykum (m-y IZ) yaa baniiiy aadama al (n-l IDBG) Laa ta'┼buduushshayTaana (C) innahuu lakum (m-'A IZ) 'Aduwwum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun (L)
61 wa ani'┼buduuniy (T) haadhaa SiraaTum (n-m IDMG) mustaqiymun

62 wa laqad aDalla minkum (m-j IZ) jibillan (n-k IKHF) kathiyraa (T) afalam (m-t IZ) takuunuu ta'┼qiluuna
63 haadhihii jahannamullatiy kuntum (m-t IZ) tuu'Aduuna
64 iSlawhal yawma bimaa kuntum (m-t IZ) takfuruuna
65 alyawma nakhtimu 'ALaaa afwaahihim (m-w) wa tukallimunaaa aydiyhim (m-w IZ) wa tashhadu arjuluhum (m-b IKHF) bimaa kaanuu yaksibuuna
66 walaw nashaaau laTamasnaa 'Alaaa a'┼yunihim (m-f IZ) fastabaquuSSiraaTa fa annaa yubSiruuna
67 walaw nashaaau lamasakhnaahum (m-'A IZ) 'Alaa makaanatihim (m-f IZ) famastaTaa'UU muDiyyaw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa yarji'UUna (A)
68 wa man (n-n IDMIT) nu'Ammirhu nunakkishu fiyl khalq (T) afaLaa ya'┼qiluuna

69 wa maa 'Allamnaahushshi'┼ra wa maa yambagiiy (n-b IQL) lah (T) in huwa illaa dhikruw (n-w IDMG) wa qur'aanum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun (L)
70 liyundhira man (n-k IKHF) kaana Hayyaw (n-w IDMG) wa yaHiqqal qawlu 'Alaal kaafiriyna
71 awalam (m-y IZ) yaraw annaa khalaqnaa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mimmaa 'Amilat aydiynaaa an'AAman (n-f IKHF) fahum (m-l IZ) lahaa maalikuuna
72 wa dhallalnaahaa lahum (m-f IZ) faminhaa rakuubuhum (m-w IZ) wa minhaa ya'kuluuna
73 wa lahum (m-f IZ) fiyhaa manaafi'U wa mashaarib (T) afaLaa yashkuruuna
74 wattakhadhuu min (n-d IKHF) duunillaahi aalihatal (n-l IDBG) la'Allahum (m-y IZ) yunSaruun (T)
75 Laa yastaTiy'UUna naSrahum (m-w IZ) wa hum (m-l IZ) lahum (m-j IZ) jundum (n-m IDMG) muHDaruuna


76 faLaa yaHzunka qawluhum (M) innaa na'┼lamu maa yusirruuna wa maa yu'┼linuuna
77 awalam (m-y IZ) yaral insaanu annaa khalaqnaahu min (n-n IDMIT) nuTfatin (n-f IKHF) faidhaa huwa khaSiymum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun
78 waDaraba lanaa mathalaw (n-w IDMG) wa nasiya khalqah (T) qaala may (n-y IDMG) yuHyiyl 'IZaama wa hiya ramiymun
79 qul yuHyiyhalladhii ansha-ahaaa awwala marrah (T) wa huwa bikulli khalqin (m-'A IZ) 'Aliymun (L)
80 alladhiy ja'Ala lakum (m-m IDMIT-G) minashshajaril akhDari naaran (n-f IKHF) faidhaaa antum (m-m IDMIT-G) minhu tuuqiduuna
81 awalaysalladhiy khalaqassamaawaati wal arDa biqaadirin (n-'A IZ) 'Alaaa ay (n-y IDMG) yakhluqa mithlahum (T) balaa wa huwal khaLLaaqul 'Aliymun
82 innamaaa amruhuuu idhaaa araada shay'an (n-a IZ) an (n-y IDMG) yaquula lahu kun (n-f IKHF) fayakuunu
83 fasubHaanalladhiy biyadihii malakuutu kulli shay'iw (n-w IDMG) wa ilayhi turja'UUn.(IDMG)


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